View Welsh Corgi Dogs and Puppies for sale on the Pets4Homes website.
This is a dog that needs little introduction. As the favourite canine companion of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, these little dogs are regularly in the spotlight. There are two types of Welsh Corgi, the Pembrooke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, which is more commonly found.
The Corgi's origin is difficult one to find although they are mentioned as far back as the 11th century in a manuscript detailing Welsh Cattle Dog, though to be a distant ancestor of the modern Corgi.
The Cardigan type is one of the oldest breeds of dog in Britain and has been employed for hundreds of years as a cattle herder, also helping to guard the homestead and help to hunt game. It is thought the Cardigan types roots could go back as far as Roman times.
The Pembroke is believed to have been introduced to Wales by Flemish people about 1100 AD. Another possibility discussed by experts for this Corgi's origin is breeding between Cardigans and a Spitz type dog, the Swedish Vallhund.
The first recorded date for corgis appearing in a show in Wales is during the mid 1920's. From this point they steadily gained in popularity and for many years the two types were shown as two varieties of the same breed.
In addition, in local Welsh folklore the Corgi is reputed to be the animal of choice of fairies to ride with the distinct markings being made on its coat by fairy harnesses and saddles.
Average height to withers: Cardigan type: Up to 13 inches for males and females, Pembroke type: On average males and females are smaller than the Cardigan at between 10-12 inches
Average weight: Cardigan type: Up to 14kg for males and females but the males are heavier set. Pembroke type: Up to 13kg in weight for both males and females.
Corgis often have a marking, a white stripe, that runs from the nose, through the eyes, and up into the forehead, this marking is referred to as their blaze.
Cardigans are the larger of the two types, having larger and rounder ears and a fluid tail which forms a good line with the body. It is allowed more colors than the Pembroke type. The Cardigan is a double-coated, where the outer coat is dense, slightly harsh in texture, and of medium length. The dog's undercoat is short and soft. The coat can be in any colour with or without white markings.
Pembroke types feature more pointed ears in comparison and are generally smaller than the Cardigan. They are low-set to the ground and are deceptively strong, being hardy enough to do a full days work without much issue. The tail is shorter than its counterpart and is usually somewhat curly in nature. They have a denser and more practical coat and undercoat than the Cardigan type and in colour can range from red, sable, fawn, or black and tan with or without white markings on the legs
Both types of Welsh Corgi are, for the most part, never shy or vicious. They are known for their loyalty and their intelligence. Despite their small size they are great watchdogs as they will bark to alert their owners of strange happenings. Like all herding breeds, may nip the heels of small children and animals in their attempts to herd them. This is a different type of herding behaviour to many other herding dogs such as the Border Collie as Corgis do just this - nip at the heels of cattle to drive them forwards. For a small dog, it certainly knows its job and will rarely back down. In fact working Corgis have been known to bite the noses of charging animals in an attempt to regain control! This innate behaviour can be easily controlled with training and socialisation from a young age and is rarely directed towards anyone with aggression in mind.
Both types of Corgi are known to be loyal, loving and affectionate towards their family and with an easy going intelligence; they are adaptable and respond well to training and obedience. True to their nature, however, they can be guarded with people and animals they do not know but once they do, they are as affable and loving as ever.
They are very well suited to many canine sports and trailing such as flyball, obedience trails, agility and herding competitions.
Both the Cardigan and the Pembroke types are very hardy little dogs who display few tendencies towards any illnesses of genetic conditions. A healthy Corgi can live up to 14-15 years old, with the Pembroke having the higher life expectancy.
For a small dog, it certainly is active (given its herding and working roots) and as a result it will require more walks and exercise than you think! This is especially true as Corgis can have a tendency to gain weight easily if their lives are too sedentary. As a dog with a relatively long back, if they are allowed to gain excess weight this can lead to issues and health problems with their backs and joints.
Their weather resistant coats will shed continually through the year, however, they require little grooming, with once a week usually being plenty.
As with all dogs with longer backs, care should be taken not to allow them to jump off furniture and such and when picking them up make sure they are well supported by using both your hands.