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Anyone who is thinking about buying a pedigree puppy should ask breeders if their stud dogs are DNA profiled. The procedure is the best way of establishing whether a dog is truly the dog on the registration or other papers and that they are truly pure breeds. A DNA profile cannot be tampered with and as such the Kennel Club recommends that all breeders use the system as a way of proving a stud dog's identity. The record of a dog's DNA profile is held on record for their entire life by the Kennel Club which vets and other people can use as a reference when and if they need to.
There are many reasons why having a dog DNA profiles is so useful which includes the following:
It is worth noting that a DNA profile does not hold any information relating to a dog's health status and that a dog should also be microchipped even if they have been officially DNA profiled.
When the DNA profiles of parent dogs are recorded, all their offspring can be DNA profiled to ensure that all parent stud dogs are officially registered.
All dog owners can request a DNA profiling kit from the Animal Health Trust which is an organisation that works closely with the Kennel Club. Once a dog's DNA profile is completed, it is sent to the KC where the record is kept and updated as necessarily. Request for a kit can be done by email or phone to the AHT and not through their website.
Just because a dog comes from a good pedigree does not necessarily make them a "better" dog, but it does play a key part in their genetic make-up. It also reduces the risk of puppies inheriting any disorders that are known to affect any specific breed. Genetics can also be important when it comes to temperament and more especially in certain breeds which includes Rottweilers. In short, DNA profiling together with parentage analysis has fast become a very valuable tool not only for breeders, but also for dog owners too.
DNA profiling or fingerprinting is sometimes known as "genotyping" and the procedure establishes and records a dog's genetic code which like in humans is unique to a specific dog. The profiling does not determine the actual breed of a dog, but it does identify gene markers that parent dogs pass on to their offspring.
Most laboratories that undertake DNA profiling in dogs do so by carrying out dewclaw, buccal or blood smears which are then analysed to establish specific markers which are unique to any one specific dog. This can be then used as a dog's ID card. When the tests are carried out by the Animal Health Trust, the results are sent to the Kennel Club where the details and records are held for the remainder of a dog's life and can be used as a reference point by vets should a dog ever fall ill.
Owners are sent a DNA analysis certificate that contains a dog's relevant details which includes the following:
Studies have established that DNA profiling in dogs is 99.99% accurate, although there have been instances of false matches happening from time to time and when this occurs, a second test would be required. As such breeders, it is recommended that breeders have all their stud dogs profiled which minimizes the chances of any false matches occurring in future litters they produce.
The AHT issues "parentage verification" reports detailing all the genetic markers for puppies as being clear of any mutations and all records can be cross-checked which then establishes the puppies' parentage and whether they suffer from any genetic or hereditary disorders.
Under certain conditions a false match might happen when a dog is DNA profiled and this could happen for three main reasons which are as follows:
Once a dog has been DNA tested and the results sent into the AHT, it takes around a week or so for the results to be sent out to owners or breeders.
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