The two essential lipids in a dog’s system are known as cholesterol and triglycerides and when their numbers rise, dogs develop a condition known as hyperlipoproteinemia or HLP. The disorder sees dogs suffering from high cholesterol which in turn negatively impacts how fats are carried in a dog’s blood stream. Sometimes a dog may suffer from a mild form of HLP which typically is that much easier to treat through reviewing a dog’s diet. However, other forms of HLP can be fatal with some breeds being more prone to suffering from hyperlipoproteinemia than others.
The breeds most susceptible to suffering from HLP are as follows:
Dogs suffering from hyperlipoproteinemia will exhibit certain symptoms depending on the severity of their condition. These are as follows:
There are several stages to the condition which range from mild to severe and then life-threatening. These are as follows:
Hyperlipoproteinemia is typically caused by changes to a dog’s digestive system which sees an increase in cholesterol and triglyceride absorption when they are fed a fattier diet. Other causes are as follows:
A vet would want to have a dog’s full medical history before thoroughly examining them. They would also need to know how the onset of any symptoms first manifested themselves and the sort of diet a dog is being fed. The sort of test a vet would recommend carrying out to come to a definitive diagnosis would be as follows:
A dog suspected of suffering from HLP may need to be hospitalised and put on a strict diet before a vet then carries out further tests to establish the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in a dog’s blood.
Any dog suffering from hyperlipoproteinemia would need to be put on a strict diet followed by careful monitoring and management should they have developed diabetes. This would involve feeding dogs a very low-fat diet with an end goal being to resolve the problem. A dog’s diet must be as digestible as possible to ensure that calories are kept as low as possible which would help a dog’s own system heal itself.
With careful management and the correct low-fat diet, the prognosis is generally good for dogs that have been diagnosed as suffering from HLP. The vet would typically recommend giving any supplements to a dog should they deem it necessary to do so.