The miniature poodle is the medium sized variant of the three poodle dog breeds, which actually originated in Germany despite their common association with France.
While the standard poodle was bred as a water dog, the miniature poodle has more of a mixed heritage, including working as a truffle hunting dog, and potentially has some terrier breeding within their heritage. When the Kennel Club first came into being during the 1800’s, the miniature poodle was one of the first breeds to be formally registered.
The miniature poodle can stand up to 15” tall at the withers, placing them firmly in the middle of the size rankings across the three poodle breeds. Widely bred today as lap dogs and companions, the miniature poodle was originally associated with royalty and upper class ladies of the gentry, who valued them for their kind natures and portable size.
Poodles of all sizes are popular thanks to their curled coats, which shed only very lightly and as such, do not spread a lot of hair or allergenic dander around the home. This makes them a popular choice of pet for people who may suffer from canine allergies, and also, means that the poodle is one of the most widely used dogs in designer or hybrid crossings too.
If you are wondering if the miniature poodle is the right choice of dog for you, in this article we will look at the hereditary health of the breed in more detail, as well as examining the various health testing schemes that are recommended for dogs of the breed. Read on to learn more.
The average lifespan of the miniature poodle is 14-14.5 years, placing them towards the top of the average across the board for breeds of a similar size.
The coefficient of inbreeding statistic for the miniature poodle is 5.9%, which is within the accepted range of 6.25% or lower that is considered to be the ideal for pedigree dog breeds. This indicates that the miniature poodle is not subjected to a high level of inbreeding in order to keep the breed viable in perpetuity.
The miniature poodle is a popular dog breed that is widely owned within the UK, and as such, a lot of information on the breed health as a whole is available. This has permitted the British Veterinary Association to collate figures on health conditions with a hereditary factor to them that affect dogs of the breed, and as a result of this, the following pre-breeding health tests are recommended.
As well as these issues for which pre-breeding health screening is available, there are also quite a range of other conditions that can affect the miniature poodle as well, although the list is rather extensive and by no means all dogs of the breed are apt to suffer from one or more of the conditions on the list.
Known health problems that can occur within the breed include: