Key Breed Facts
Intelligence / Trainability
Children and Other Pets
Caring for a Kromfohrlander
Average Cost to keep/care for a Kromfohrlander
The Kromfohrlander is seldom seen even in their native Germany and their numbers are so low the breed is thought to be vulnerable. These charming, small to medium sized dogs are a new breed having only appeared on the scene in the 1950's. They are known to make excellent family pets and companions thanks to their cheerful dispositions. However, anyone wishing to share a home with a Kromfohrlander may find it hard to find well-bred puppies because so few are available every year, as such finding a breeder can prove challenging.
The Kromfohrlander is native to Germany where they first appeared on the scene during the 40's and 50's. They have Wire Fox Terriers and the Grand Griffon Vendeen in their lineage. It was American soldiers serving in France during World War II who found a dog they named "Original Peter" and took him to Germany with them only to lose him once there. He was found by a German lady who accidentally bred him to a local dog which produced a litter of attractive puppies. During the course of the next 10 years, Ilsa Schleifenbaum continued to develop these attractive dogs and it is thought she introduced terrier and griffon type dogs into the mix too.
The breed was recognised by the FCI in 1955 and then earned recognition with the UKC in 1996. However, due to the small gene pool, the number of these charming dogs remains low which in short, means the Kromfohrlander although a recent addition to the dog world is considered to be one of the rarer breeds around. With this said, breed enthusiasts are doing their best to make sure these dogs do not vanish altogether with the end goal being to increase their numbers while at the same time ensuring they remain healthy dogs. For the moment, the Kromfohrlander is not recognised by The Kennel Club here in the UK (July 2016).
Height at the withers: Males 38 - 56 cm, Females 38 - 56 cm
Average weight: Males 9 - 16 kg, Females 9 - 16 kg
The Kromfohrlander is a small to medium sized dog that boasts a charming appearance thanks to their lovely coat colours and textures. They can either have a rough or smooth coat. Rough coated dogs have bearded faces which gives them a very terrier-like appearance, while the smooth coated dog looks more like a small spaniel. Both have slightly domed heads with a definite furrow and a well-defined stop.
Their muzzles are straight, tapering slightly to a dog's nose when seen in profile. They have strong, well-muscled full cheeks and dark lips and strong jaws with a perfect scissor bite where their upper teeth neatly overlap their lower ones. Their noses are medium in size and can be either black or brown, although black is always preferred under UKC breed standards.
They have medium size, oval shaped eyes that are nicely set on a slight slant being dark brown in colour. Their ears are set high and drop down being the shape of a triangle, but with rounded tips and which dogs carry close to their heads. Their necks are of medium length being slightly arched and nicely muscled but with no dewlap.
They have well-muscled forequarters with nicely sloping and long shoulder blades. Front legs are straight and muscular. The Kromfohrlander is slightly longer in the body than they are tall and have moderately deep, broad chests that reach down to their elbows. They have slightly pronounced forechests and well sprung ribs. Backs are straight, strong and moderately long with their loins being slightly narrower than a dog's ribcage. Croups slope slightly and a dog's belly is nicely tucked up adding to their athletic appearance.
Their hindquarters are strong with dogs having powerful back legs with well-muscled upper thighs. Feet are slightly arched with tight toes, well developed paw pads and strong nails whether dark or lighter in colour. They have moderately long tails which are wider at the root and which dogs carry in a sabre-like fashion over their backs.
When it comes to their coat, the Kromfohrlander can either have a rough or a smooth coat with the rough coated dog having a bearded face. The hair on their wither and backs is longer whereas on a dog's flanks it is that much shorter. Faces and muzzles boast having longer hair, but both have a shorter and much softer undercoat. Accepted breed colours are as follows:
The Kromfohrlander is a high spirited, fun-loving character that boasts a slight prey drive. They are known to be good natured dogs which is one of the reasons they make such wonderful companions and family pets. They form strong bonds with their owners which means rarely would one of these dogs run off even when out on a walk off their leads preferring to stay close to their owners.
Although affectionate with their immediate families, they can be a little wary and shy around people they do not already know, but rarely would a Kromfohrlander show any sort of aggressive behaviour towards a stranger, preferring to keep their distance until they get to know someone.
It's important for dogs to be well socialised from a young enough age which helps them mature into more well-rounded, calm dogs. Their socialisation has to include introducing them to lots of new situations, noises, people, other animals and dogs once they have been fully vaccinated. It's also important for their training to start as early as possible. Puppies need to be taught the "basics", but as soon as they have had all their jabs training has to start in earnest and a good way of doing this is to enrol a dog into puppy classes which is a great way to socialise a dog while at the same time training them in a safe and controlled environment.
They are a good choice for first time owners because they are smart and learn new things very quickly which when paired to the fact, a Kromfohrlander loves to please, means they are highly trainable and a pleasure to have around. However, like other dogs, they need to be taught their place in the pack and who they can look to for direction and guidance.
The Kromfohrlander is an intelligent dog and one that likes nothing better than to please which in short means that in the right hands and environment they are easy to train. The key to successfully training a Kromfohrlander is to start their education as early as possible and to make sure their training is always consistent so dogs know what their owners expect of them. It's also best to keep training sessions shorter and as interesting as possible which helps keep a dog more focussed.
Like many other dogs, they are sensitive dogs which means they do not respond well to any sort of harsh correction or heavier handed training methods. However, they do answer well to positive reinforcement which always brings the best out of these clever dogs.
The Kromfohrlander thrives in a family environment and enjoys nothing more than being involved in everything that goes on around them. This includes playing lots of interactive games with children which they thoroughly enjoy. However, any interaction between younger children and a dog should always be well supervised by an adult to make sure playtime does not end up getting too boisterous which could see a toddler being knocked over, albeit by accident.
When well socialised from a young enough age, the Kromfohrland generally gets on with other dogs they meet. If they have grown up with a family cat in the home, they usually get on well together. However, they might just chase any other cats they come across. Because they boast such low prey drives, they are not known to chase smaller animals and pets, but care should always be taken when a dog meets any just in case.
For further advice please read our article on Keeping Children Safe around Dogs.
The average life expectancy of a Kromfohrlander is between 10 and 15 years when properly cared for and fed an appropriate good quality diet to suit their age.
The Kromfohrlander is known to suffer from a few hereditary health issues which are worth knowing about if you are planning share your home with one of these handsome dogs. The conditions that seem to affect the breed the most include the following:
As with any other breed, Kromis need to be groomed on a regular basis to make sure their coats and skin are kept in top condition. They also need to be given regular daily exercise to ensure they remain fit and healthy. On top of this, dogs need to be fed good quality food that meets all their nutritional needs throughout their lives.
The Kromfohrlander boasts a double coat with some dogs having a rough coat and others smooth coats, but both have softer and denser undercoats. They shed moderately throughout the year only more so during the Spring and then again in the Autumn when more frequent brushing is usually necessary to remove any loose and dead hair from their coats. Otherwise, a twice weekly brush is all it takes to keep things tidy and their coats in good condition and tangle free.
It's also important to check a dog's ears on a regular basis and to clean them when necessary. If too much wax is allowed to build up in a dog's ears, it can lead to a painful infection which can be hard to clear up. In short, prevention is often easier than cure when it comes to ear infections.
The Kromfohrlander is quite a high energy dog and they need to be given the right amount of daily exercise and mental stimulation for them to be truly happy, well-rounded dogs. They need to be given anything from 40 to 60 minutes exercise a day with as much off the lead time as possible. If they are not given the right amount of mental stimulation and exercise every day, a Kromi would quickly get bored and could even begin to show some destructive behaviours around the home which is their way of relieving any stress they are feeling.
A shorter walk in the morning would be fine, but a longer more interesting one in the afternoon is a must. These dogs also like to be able to roam around a back garden as often as possible so they can really let off steam. However, the fencing has to be extremely secure to keep these active dogs in because if they find a weakness in the fence, they will soon escape out and get into all sorts of trouble.
With this said, Kromi puppies should not be over exercised because their joints and bones are still growing. This includes not letting a dog jump up and down from furniture or going up or down the stairs. Too much pressure placed on their joints and spines at an early age could result in a dog developing serious problems later in their lives.
If you get a Kromi puppy from a breeder, they would give you a feeding schedule and it's important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid any tummy upsets. You can change a puppy's diet, but this needs to be done very gradually always making sure they don't develop any digestive upsets and if they do, it's best to put them back on their original diet and to discuss things with the vet before attempting to change it again.
Older dogs are not known to be fussy eaters, but this does not mean they can be fed a lower quality diet. It's best to feed a mature dog twice a day, once in the morning and then again in the evening, making sure it's good quality food that meets all their nutritional requirements. It's also important that dogs be given the right amount of exercise so they burn off any excess calories or they might gain too much weight which can lead to all sorts of health issues. Obesity can shorten a dog's life by several years so it's important to keep an eye on their waistline from the word go.
If you are looking to buy a Kromfohrlander, you would need to register your interest with breeders and agree to being put on a waiting list because very few puppies are bred and registered with The Kennel Club every year. You would need to pay anything upwards of £500 for a well-bred puppy.
The cost of insuring a male 3-year-old Kromi in northern England would be £27.24 a month for basic cover but for a lifetime policy, this would set you back £62.52 a month (quote as of July 2016). When insurance companies calculate a pet's premium, they factor in several things which includes where you live in the UK, a dog's age and whether or not they have been neutered or spayed among other things.
When it comes to food costs, you need to buy the best quality food whether wet or dry making sure it suits the different stages of a dog’s life. This would set you back between £30 - £40 a month. On top of all of this, you need to factor in veterinary costs if you want to share your home with a Kromi and this includes their initial vaccinations, their annual boosters, the cost of neutering or spaying a dog when the time is right and their yearly health checks, all of which quickly adds up to over £1000 a year.
As a rough guide, the average cost to keep and care for a Kromfohrlander would be between £70 to £110 a month depending on the level of insurance cover you opt to buy for your dog, but this does not include the initial cost of buying a well-bred puppy.
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