Key Breed Facts
Intelligence / Trainability
Children and Other Pets
Caring for a Jackapoo
Average Cost to keep/care for a Jackapoo
The Jackapoo is a newcomer to the dog scene and as yet they are not recognised by any of the major international breed organisations which includes The Kennel Club. They were developed by crossing a Poodle ( Usually a Toy Poodle or Miniature Poodle) with a Jack Russell Terrier and as such, Jackapoos may inherit some of both their parent breed's characteristics and traits. However, it is luck of the draw as to how puppies turn out especially when they are first generation. With this said, Jackapoos are known to be wonderful companions and family pets thanks to their charming looks and their loyal, tenacious, playful and affectionate natures.
The Jackapoo first appeared on the scene around twenty years or so ago when breeders decided to cross two pedigree breeds, namely the Jack Russell Terrier and the Miniature or Toy Poodle. First generation puppies can inherit any of their parent breed characteristics and traits which in short, means that puppies from the same litter can look very different to each other.
Because the Jackapoo is such a new hybrid more time is needed to see how the breed turns out in the future. They are not recognised by any of the major international breed organisations, but fortunately local breed clubs have been set up in many countries with an end goal being to make sure Jackapoos are bred responsibly so they remain healthy and good natured dogs.
Anyone wishing to share their home with a Jackapoo should research both parent breeds namely the Miniature or Toy Poodle and the Jack Russell Terrier in order to understand what kind of temperament a Jackapoo might have. When it comes to looks, it really does depend on the parent breeds as to how a puppy may turn out and whether they look more like a Poodle with a curly coat or if they bear more of a resemblance to a Jack Russell Terrier with a wiry coat. Today, the Jackapoo has made a mark on the dog world and have found their way into the hearts and home of many people thanks to their sweet natures and charming looks.
Height at the withers: Males 25.4 - 38.1 cm, Females 25.4 - 38.1 cm
Average weight: Males 5.89 - 11.33 kg, Females 5.89 - 11.33 kg
The Jackapoo being a cross between a Miniature or Toy Poodle and a Jack Russell Terrier can inherit either of their parent's looks. In first generation crosses, puppies in the same litter can look very different to each other with some of them throwing more to the Poodle whereas others look more like Jack Russells. However, in general they are small to medium size dogs that boast having flat heads with moderately large ears that fall forwards. Their eyes are set nicely apart on the head with dogs always having a keen, alert expression in them which is a trait inherited from their terrier and Poodle ancestry. They have compact, well-muscled bodies with strong, muscular legs and neat, strong paws with firm pads and tough nails. Some Jackapoos have longer legs than others, but whether short or long, dogs have well-muscled, strong front and back legs.
When it comes to their coats, the Jackapoo can boast having a coarse or smooth coat that can be wavy or curly and short depending on which of their parents they have thrown to. Their usual coat colours include the following:
The Jackapoo has fast become known an being an excellent companion and family pet thanks to their kind albeit energetic natures. They are good all-rounders being great with children and other dogs more especially if they have been correctly socialised from a young enough age. The Jackapoo is also highly adaptable and is just as happy living in the country as they are living in an apartment, as long as they are given enough mental stimulation and daily exercise that is.
Because of the "terrier" in them, they are best suited to people who are familiar with the needs of a very energetic and clever dog because Jackapoos must be given a ton of daily exercise and they need to know who is boss in a household or they can quickly become unruly and that much harder to handle. They love being in a family environment and enjoy being included in everything that goes on around them. They form strong bonds with their owners and don't particularly like being left on their own for any length of time.
As such they are best suited to families where the children are slightly older and where one person usually stays at home when everyone else is out of the house. They are definitely more suited to people who lead active outdoor lives and who would like a smart, energetic dog at their side. Once tired, a Jackapoo is just as happy to relax on a sofa cuddled up next to an owner, but only after having been given a ton of exercise.
They are loyal, loving and enjoy taking part in lots of activities, however, Jackapoos are also known to have a bit of a stubborn streak in them which can make training them more of a challenge. They do tend to like the sound of their own voices which is a trait that needs to be gently curbed when dogs are still young so it does not turn into a real problem later on especially if there are neighbours close by.
It's really important for these dogs to be well socialised from a young age so they grow up to be confident, outgoing mature dogs. Their socialisation has to include introducing them to lots of new situations, noises, people, other animals and dogs once they have been fully vaccinated. It's also crucial for their training to start early too and it has to be consistent throughout a dog's life. A Jackapoo is never happier than when they know their place in the pack and who they can look to for direction and guidance. If they don't know who is the alpha dog in a household, they may quickly take on the role of dominant dog which can make them harder to live with and handle.
The Jackapoo has inherited their intelligence from both their parent breeds and they excel at all sorts of canine activities which includes flyball, obedience and agility. However, as previously mentioned, they are known to have a stubborn streak in them when the mood takes them and can be quick to turn a deaf ear to a command which is why their training has to be consistent right from the word go and why particular attention has to be paid to the “recall” command.
The Jackapoo is a smart dog and a fast learner. The downside to this is they are just as quick to pick up bad habits as they are the good. As such, their training has to begin early and it has to be consistent and always fair throughout a dog’s life so they understand what's expected of them. Jackapoos like being kept busy which is why they are so amenable to learning new things and why they enjoy taking part in canine sporting activities especially as they get lots of one-to-one contact with their owners when they are being trained and when they’re taking part in competitions.
The key to successfully training a Jackapoo is to make things interesting as possible and to avoid too much repetition. It's also a good idea to keep training sessions short which helps dogs stay more focussed on what it’s being asked of them, bearing in mind that the more intelligent a dog is, the faster they get bored, bearing in mind that Jackapoos are extremely smart dogs.
They do not answer well to harsh correction or any sort of heavy handed training methods, but they do respond extremely well to positive reinforcement which always brings the best out of these intelligent and quick witted dogs, especially when there are high value rewards involved. However, it’s important not to give too many food rewards because Jackapoos are prone to putting on weight far too easily which could have a serious impact on their overall health and wellbeing.
Jackapoos are known to be good around children thanks to their affectionate and playful natures. However, any interaction between toddlers and a dog should always be well supervised by an adult to make sure playtime does not get too boisterous which could end up with someone being knocked over, albeit by accident.
When dogs have been well socialised from a young enough age, they generally get on well with other dogs they meet and if they have grown up with a family cat in a household, they usually get on well together. However, a Jackapoo would more than likely chase off any other cats they encounter in their environment. Care has to be taken when they are around any smaller animals and pets because of the “terrier” in them.
For further advice please read our article on Keeping Children Safe around Dogs.
The average life expectancy of a Jackapoo is between 12 and 15 years when properly cared for and fed an appropriate good quality diet to suit their ages.
The Jackapoo although generally healthy, they are known to suffer from a few hereditary health issues which are worth knowing about if you are planning share your home with one of these charming, energetic dogs. The conditions that seem to affect the Jackapoos parent breeds and which a puppy might inherit include the following:
Jackapoos need to be groomed on a regular basis to make sure their coats and skin are kept in top condition. They also need to be given regular daily exercise to ensure they remain fit and healthy. On top of this, dogs need to be fed good quality food that meets all their nutritional needs throughout their lives.
Jackapoos usually boast having short, close lying coats and as such they are low maintenance on the grooming front. A twice weekly brush is all it takes to keep their coats in good condition with a nice sheen on it. However, many owners have their dogs professionally clipped which makes it easier to keep their dog’s coats tidy and looking good. They shed steadily throughout the year only more so during the Spring and then again in the Autumn when more frequent grooming is usually necessary to stay on top of things and to remove dead and shed hair from a dog's coat.
It's also important to check a dog's ears on a regular basis and to clean them when necessary. If too much wax is allowed to build up, it can lead to a painful infection which can be hard to clear up. In short, prevention is often easier than cure with ear infections.
The Jackapoo is energetic and highly intelligent, as such they need to be given the right amount of daily exercise and mental stimulation for them to be truly happy, well-rounded dogs. They need at least 40 to 60-minutes exercise a day with as much off the lead time as possible in a safe environment. If they are not given the right amount of mental stimulation and exercise every day, a Jackapoo would quickly get bored and could even begin to show some destructive behaviours around the home which is their way of relieving any stress they are feeling and not necessarily because they are being naughty.
A shorter walk in the morning would be fine, but a longer more interesting one in the afternoon is a must with as much off the lead time as possible. These dogs also like to be able to roam around a back garden so they can really let off steam. However, the fencing has to be extremely secure to keep these active, high-energy dogs in because if they find a weakness in the fence, they will soon escape and could get into all sorts of trouble.
With this said, puppies should not be over exercised because their joints and bones are still growing. This includes not letting a dog jump up and down from furniture or going up or down the stairs. Too much pressure placed on their joints and spines at an early age could result in a dog developing serious problems later in their lives.
If you get a Jackapoo puppy from a breeder, they would give you a feeding schedule and it's important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid any tummy upsets. You can change a puppy's diet, but this needs to be done very gradually always making sure they don't develop any digestive upsets and if they do, it's best to put them back on their original diet and to discuss things with the vet before attempting to change it again.
Older dogs are not known to be fussy eaters, but this does not mean they can be given a lower quality diet. It's best to feed a mature dog twice a day, once in the morning and then again in the evening, making sure it's good quality food that meets all their nutritional requirements. It's also important that dogs be given the right amount of exercise so they burn off any excess calories or they might gain too much weight which can lead to all sorts of health issues. Obesity can shorten a dog's life by several years so it's important to keep an eye on their waistline from the word go and Jackapoos are prone to putting on weight far too easily.
If you are looking to buy a Jackapoo, you would need to pay anything from £250 to over £500 for a well-bred puppy. The cost of insuring a male 3-year-old Jackapoo in northern England would be £21.47 a month for basic cover but for a lifetime policy, this would set you back £45.91 a month (quote as of September 2016). When insurance companies calculate a pet's premium, they factor in several things which includes where you live in the UK, a dog's age and whether or not they have been neutered or spayed among other things.
When it comes to food costs, you need to buy the best quality food whether wet or dry making sure it suits the different stages of a dog’s life. This would set you back between £15 - £20 a month. On top of all of this, you need to factor in veterinary costs if you want to share your home with a Jackapoo and this includes their initial vaccinations, their annual boosters, the cost of neutering or spaying a dog when the time is right and their yearly health checks, all of which quickly adds up to over £700 a year.
As a rough guide, the average cost to keep and care for a Jackapoo would be between £40 to £70 a month depending on the level of insurance cover you opt to buy for your dog, but this does not include the initial cost of buying a well-bred puppy.
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